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During the first three months of life, the affective development of the baby is in full evolution, although its displays of affection are not evident. She needs protection and care and the only thing that parents can expect from the baby is the expression of their own pleasure: peace, calm, and consequently a relaxed sleep, and their appetite for breastfeeding.
All specialists agree thatthe affective exchanges of the baby with his mother are fundamental for his good development. The baby is governed, from the moment of its birth, by the pleasure principle. Pleasure is essential in all aspects of his life, since he experiences the first sensations still in his mother's womb: smells, heartbeat, movements, voices, etc., pleasant sensations are the axis of his existence and when he is upset shows his displeasure through crying.
During the first three months of life, when receiving the breast or the bottle, the baby studies the mother's face in detail, follows her movements and analyzes her expressions. The warmth, smell and touch, as well as the tone of the mother's voice provide the baby with pleasure and well-being. The mother's womb is the most complete emotional stimulus for a baby in the first three months of his life.
At this stage, the mother can establish and strengthen emotional ties with her baby, while breastfeeding:
- Touching and stroking the child's cheek
- Conversing with him
- Staring at their reactions
- Focusing all the attention on the little one
- Avoiding other parallel activities.
From the fourth month of life, the smile will be the reaction that babies will have to the image of the mother's face or of another person, also to sounds, to touch, and they will begin to respond to alterations in their environment.
There are babies who can attach to a toy, a doll, or even a handkerchief, blanket, etc., in an affectionate way. In general, affective development, up to six months of life, is governed by the oral concept, especially by food exchanges. After six months, affectivity intensifies through games, the stimulation that the baby receives to speak, to crawl ... and, in general, to promote their autonomy and their relationship with the environment.
At some point in this stage, the baby will stretch his arms so that his mother or father can hold him. Babies begin to relate more closely with the person who cares the most, and can express fear of strangers and act more carefully in new situations. Little by little, as their first-year birthday approaches, babies are able to communicate more clearly, expressing their moods and feelings with gestures and words.
You can read more articles similar to Affective development in the baby's first year, in the category of on-site development stages.